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The Psychological & Medical Anthropology Seminar Series

The Medical and Psychological Anthropology Seminar provides support and coordination for research and graduate student training in medical and psychological anthropology, global health, and person-centered ethnography.

Grace Urano is the student coordinator of the UCSD Psychological and Medical Anthropology Seminar. Questions about the seminar can be sent to him at gurano@ucsd.edu

Spring 2022

Seminar 1: Tamara Turner

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 Monday, April 18 | 10am-11:30am | Zoom Meeting

 Speaker: Tamara Turner, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin

 

In the Algerian Sufi music ritual called dīwān, the melodies of saints and specters of the trans-Saharan slave trade ripple through shared space, gripping bodies and kindling trance. Dīwān emerged over three centuries of trans-Saharan trafficking of numerous sub-Saharan ethnic groups. Accompanied by their spirits, ancestors, and community histories, these populations gradually intertwined with local religious practices and structures of Sufi lineages pervasive in the region, coalescing into a Black African diaspora within “white” (Arab, Berber) North Africa. Today, the descendants of these communities utilize music rituals for the therapeutic purpose of moving feelings through the body to the point of affective ignition and emotional release. How do histories of enslavement and ostracism form the ground of musically cultivated trance as somatic techniques of transformation? This talk explores these questions by providing an ethnographic account of dīwān, a little known and understudied nocturnal music ritual and sister tradition of Moroccan gnāwa, Tunisian sṭambēlī, and Sudanese zār. While engaging with and cross-examining canonical approaches to ethnomusicology of trance, I situate the musico-ritual aesthetics of dīwān as they attend to and care for suffering members of the community. Similar to Friedson's (1996) notion of “dancing one's disease,” in dīwān, concepts of suffering and healing privilege the musicking of bodies. Care and “medicine” are constituted by haunted temporalities and the presencing of pain and suffering.

Tamara Turner (Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin) is an ethnomusicologist and cultural anthropologist working at the intersection of psychological anthropology, musical and performance practice, and affect studies. She specializes in North African Sufism, anthropology of religion & medicine, and the links between cultural notions of affect, consciousness, and mental-emotional health particularly in Algeria and Morocco. Her award-winning doctoral thesis was the first research to thoroughly document the musical repertoire, practice, and history of Algerian diwan, a nocturnal trance ritual of the Bilaliyya Sufi Order that emerged out of the trans-Saharan slave trade. As a musician as well as a scholar, she studied with ritual musicians and experts, attending and documenting rituals across Algeria from the Mediterranean coast to the Sahara Desert.

Seminar 2: Rebecca Seligman

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 Monday, May 9 | 10am-11:30am | Zoom Meeting

 Speaker: Rebecca Seligman, PhD, Northwestern University

 

From Sensations to Symptoms: The Social Shaping of Functional Illness Experience

Functional Neurological Disorder (FND), otherwise known as Conversion Disorder and once known as hysteria, is characterized by abnormal sensory or motor symptoms that are determined to be “incompatible” with neurological disease. FND patients are a challenge for contemporary medicine. They experience high levels of distress, disability, and social isolation, yet a large proportion of those treated do not get better. Patients with FNDs are often misdiagnosed and suffer from stigma, dysfunctional medical encounters and scarcity of adequate treatments. I argue that medicine’s struggle with FNDs is itself a symptom of a biomedical ontology that constrains the medical imagination, impedes understanding of mind-body processes and constrains what is understood to be possible, real, and treatable.  In this talk, I use a cross-culturally and historically situated comparative approach in order to propose a framework for better understanding mind-body processes.  In particular, I examine the work of 2 main, interconnected factors: 1) cultural expectancies that shape the meanings of sensations and the process through which symptoms come into being; and 2) the social scaffolding of such expectancies and exposures.  I draw on ongoing research with people living with FND to suggest ways in which to integrate such understandings into clinical care.

Rebecca Seligman, PhD, is Associate Professor of Anthropology and Faculty Fellow at the Institute for Policy Research at Northwestern University. Dr. Seligman’s current research investigates the embodiment of individual and social meanings in illness and healing.  She is the Principal Investigator of the WT Grant Foundation study “Cultures of Care” which investigates Mexican American adolescent experiences of mental health care.  She is also PI of the National Science Foundation funded study “From Sensations to Symptoms: The social shaping of functional illness experience.” Her published works focus on cultural therapeutics, healing and self-transformation, mental health and religious practice, and the anthropology of psychotherapy.

Seminar 3: Steven Carlisle

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 Monday, May 16 | 10am-11:30am | Zoom Meeting

 Speaker: Steven Carlisle, PhD, CSU San Marcos

 

Ghosts, Love, Karma, and the Narrative Construction of Reality

How do people use the ordinary events of daily life to organize a vision of a world that existed for eons before they were born and extends far beyond what they can possibly witness in a lifetime? And if everyone experiences reality slightly differently, then how can they negotiate coherent understandings that allow them to communicate with and make sense of the people around them? In Narrative Practice and Cultural Change: Building Worlds with Karma, Ghosts, and Capitalist Invaders in Thailand, Steven Carlisle developed a narrative-based practice theory to explore the balance Buddhists in Bangkok strike between individual difference and conformity. The goal was to find a way to talk about lives that are intelligent, emotional, self-aware, and often idiosyncratic, while also accounting for the forces that pull people toward conformity and make communication possible, in spite of those differences. The result is a new way of looking at the nature of belief, the negotiation of meaning, and grounding of social solidarity.
Steven Carlisle's work explores Buddhism in contemporary society in Thailand. He received his Ph.D. in anthropology from UCSD in 2003, and since 2010 he has taught in the anthropology department at CSU San Marcos, focusing on religion, morality, psychology, and emotion. His book, Narrative Practice and Cultural Change: Building Worlds with Karma, Ghosts, and Capitalist Invaders in Thailand, was published by the Culture, Mind and Society series in 2020. Currently, he is expanding on his Thai research to embrace modes of meaning beyond the narrative forms he explores in his book, and is working on a history of narratives about happiness in the US.

Winter 2022

Seminar 1: Isabel Castro

 Monday, January 24 | 10am-11:30am | Zoom Meeting

 Speaker: Isabel Castro M.A., Visiting Doctoral Scholar from Federal University of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil,

 

 The spiritual and secular practices of meditation in the West

The Indian scriptures describe meditation as yoga´s scientific method to divine self-realization. However, western cultural approach of meditation in the 21st century shows a secular practice related to the promotion of health and well-being. My research examines these two concepts of meditation, contrasting the spiritual and the secular practices of meditation in the west. I argue that western cultural borrowing of meditation is a response to the new contour of suffering and illness in a globalized society. I also propose that understanding Eastern origins of meditation could benefit the western society in the search for health and well-being. I intend to establish this holistic approach through the work of Paramahansa Yogananda, considered the pioneering father of yoga in the west. An ethnographic fieldwork is being conducted in Self-Realization Fellowship, a worldwide organization founded by Yogananda to disseminate the universal scientific method of divine communion in the West. Therefore, I intend to conduct a cross-cultural study in the Temples of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and Encinitas (California) to study the outcomes of this science when applied in a practitioner’s daily life, considering topics such as health, happiness, meaning of life, changes in life and social well-being. 

Isabel Castro is a clinical psychologist since 2010 with a Master’s degree in clinical psychology from Catholic Pontifical University of Rio de Janeiro. Currently she is a PhD doctoral scholar in History of Sciences, Technique and Epistemology program at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, and a visiting scholar in the Anthropology Department at UCSD. Her research is focused on the possible dialogues between western science and ancient eastern wisdom, with particular emphasis on historical discussions about concepts of reality, human nature, and human experiences of existence. Her research methodology takes a qualitative approach guided by conceptual contrasts of different perspectives that comes from her accumulated academic knowledge, her years of clinical practice and her meditation studies.

Seminar 2: Tala Al-Rousan

 Monday, January 31 | 10am-11:30am | Zoom Meeting

 Speaker: Dr. Tala Al-Rousan, MD, MPH, Assistant Professor and founding Faculty at the Herbert Wertheim School of Public Health at UC San Diego

 

A Tale of Two Border Cities: Refugees on the Move and Health Along the Migratory Route

A physician scientist and global health epidemiologist conducting clinical trials and public health interventions to improve the health of refugees globally and understand the impact of forced migration and institutionalization on health. Her current research focuses on chronic disease management, cognitive and mental health of refugees living in refugee camps, detention centers and in community settings in the Middle East and the United States.

Seminar 3: David Grelotti

 Monday, March 7 | 10am-11:30am | Zoom Meeting

 Speaker: David Grelotti, MD, Associate Professor of Psychiatry at UCSD

 

A Few of Paul's Pearls 

The world recently lost a legend in global health: Paul Farmer. I met Paul when I was working with Partners In Health in Haiti to integrate mental health care into the primary care and hospital-based programs at PIH's sister organizations, Zanmi Lasante in Haiti and Bo-Mphato Litšebeletsong tsa Bophelo in Lesotho. I will talk about our work and will share some of what I learned from him during my time at PIH. 
Dr. Grelotti is an Associate Professor of Psychiatry at UC San Diego. He completed medical school at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and residency in adult psychiatry and child and adolescent psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. He served as the inaugural Dr. Mario Pagenel Global Mental Health Delivery Fellow at Harvard Medical School and Partners In Health, working in Haiti and southern Africa. He subsequently completed a NIMH-funded postdoctoral fellowship in psychiatric epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health. He directs mental health treatment services for people with HIV at UC San Diego and conducts research at the intersection of mental health, substance use, and HIV and HIV prevention.

Fall 2021

Seminar 1: Bridget Haas

 Monday, October 4 | 10am-11:30am | Social Sciences Building 107   - Dean's Conference Room 

 Speaker: Bridget Haas, PhD, Case Western Reserve University

 

“Asylum Takes So Much of You:” The Affective Debris of the US Asylum Regime

Drawing on longitudinal ethnographic fieldwork with affirmative asylum applicants in the Midwestern United States, this presentation traces the lived experiences of various aftermaths of asylum case outcomes (a granting or denial of an asylum claim). In doing so, I argue that the socioemotional and psychological effects of the asylum regime were not bounded by the temporal parameters of the asylum adjudication period. Rather, the experience of asylum-seeking had consequences that far outlasted a granting or denial of asylum. In particular, I focus on the affective debris of the bureaucratic violences of the US asylum system and its embodied and transnationally shared effects over time, even when the outcome was desired—a granting of asylum status

 

Seminar 2: Lillian Walkover

 Monday, November 1 | 10am-11:30am | Social Sciences Building 107   - Dean's Conference Room 

 Speaker: Lillian Walkover, Assistant Teaching Professor, Department of Communication and Global Health Program, UCSD

 

Translating Where There Is No Doctor: How the production of local knowledges propelled a health text’s global travels

How does information about health travel around the world? Where There Is No Doctor was first published in the 1970’s, written by American volunteers and Mexican community health workers. The book spread around the globe with health social movements to become the most widely used health manual in the world, and has been translated into over 80 languages. My research explores translations and adaptations in Hindi, Tamil, Kannada, and English for use in India, and I argue that Doctor’s invitation to adapt content and illustrations to meet local needs propels its global travels. I position this against models of top-down global dissemination and situate the argument at the intersection of critical global health, postcolonial science and technology studies, and sociology of health and illness.

Seminar 3: Brenda Wilson

 Monday, November 22 | 10am-11:30am | Social Sciences Building 107   - Dean's Conference Room 

 Speaker: Brenda Wilson, PhD Postdoctoral Scholar and Lecturer Global Health Institute & Global Health Program

Given the increased recognition of the importance of training a global health workforce how to understand and address health inequalities, how and in what ways do short-term experiences in global health [STEGH] grapple with the root causes – the structural and social determinants of health inequalities – as experienced by marginalized local communities? My qualitative research follows six STEGH programs that send American university students abroad to provide health-related services to impoverished Haitian migrant farmworkers in Dominican Republic bateyes. Bateyes are the residential sites located on Dominican sugar plantations and are an increasingly popular host destination for STEGH. Drawing together critical theory with photo-ethnographic and political economy methods, I examine how health inequalities are experienced and produced by batey residents, and how their lived experiences articulate with students’ perceptions and program activities purportedly aimed at mitigating health inequities. I argue that STEGH do not address the root causes of health inequities and, given the way that power is operating through STEGH, may unknowingly perpetuate or exacerbate unequal power relations. What is needed, I argue, is a reorientation and mainstreaming of a global justice pedagogy.

Spring 2021

Seminar 1: Saiba Varma

Monday, April 5 | 10:00am-11:30am | Zoom Meeting

Speaker: Saiba Varma Ph.D. (University of California San Diego)


The Occupied Clinic: Militarism and Care in Kashmir 

In this presentation, Dr.Varma will reflect on her recently published book, The Occupied Clinic: Militarism and Care in Kashmir (Duke U Press, 2020), offering insights on the book's major interventions and reflecting on the process of writing and thinking about violence and militarism from an anthropological perspective. Dr.Varma will be sharing two chapters of the book for discussion during the seminar: the Introduction and Chapter One. The Introduction, Care, lays out the major themes of the book, particularly in terms of thinking about how care and militarism are not opposites but are entangled in the practices of the clinic, everyday life, and structures of military governance in Kashmir. Chapter One, Siege, further examines the entanglements of care and militarism through examining an ubiquitous bodily complaint in Kashmir--kamzori (chronic fatigue/debility/weakness). The chapter traces kamzori as a sedimentation of colonialism in bodies, relations, and in political life. Kamzori is thus a way of theorizing and calling for modes of decolonial embodiment.

Seminar 2: Eugene Richardson

Monday, May 3 | 10:00am-11:30am | Zoom Meeting

Speaker: Eugene Richardson Ph.D. (Harvard Medical School)

 

Epidemic Illusions: On the Coloniality of Global Public Health

In Epidemic Illusions, Eugene Richardson, a physician and an anthropologist, contends that public health practices–from epidemiological modeling and outbreak containment to Big Data and causal inference–play an essential role in perpetuating a range of global inequities. Drawing on postcolonial theory, medical anthropology, and critical science studies, Richardson demonstrates the ways in which the flagship discipline of epidemiology has been shaped by the colonial, racist, and patriarchal system that had its inception in 1492.

 

Seminar 3: Rebecca Lester

Monday, May 24 | 10:00am-11:30am | Zoom Meeting

Speaker: Rebecca Lester Ph.D. (Washington University in St. Louis)

 

Complicated Empathy in Clinical Ethnography: Vulnerability, Care, and Doing Ethical Work when the Whole Self Shows Up

As an ethnographer, a clinician, and a former eating disorder patient, my recent research in an American eating disorders clinic raised a number of ethical quandaries, none of which had a straightforward resolution.  In navigating them, techniques of empathy, vulnerability, and care became invaluable tools in my methodological toolbox.  But these were not clean and easy developments.  They were difficult, sometimes painful, and almost always uncertain.  And they threw into relief a number of issues rarely discussed in anthropological or clinical domains regarding how we (attempt to) feel our way into the lives of others as the foundation for building certain kinds of knowledge, and the potential risks inherent in this practice, for others and for ourselves.  In this talk, I reflect on these experiences and set out a number of guiding principles for doing ethical, engaged research.

Winter 2021

Seminar 1: Fernando Ciello

Monday, Jan 11 | 10:00am-11:30am | Zoom Meeting

Speaker: Fernando José Ciello Ph.D. (Federal University of Roraima)


Humans and Numbers of COVID in Roraima, Brazil – brief report and reflection

These are brief reflections about the humans and the numbers of COVID in Roraima, northernmost state in Brazilian territory and one of the most affected states in the country. In times of COVID, social and economic complexities that already distinguished Roraima became important features on how the pandemic hit the region, as the least populated state, the one with higher number of indigenous persons, and also a main entrance of displaced populations from countries such as Venezuela, Guayana, Haiti and Cuba. I try to reflect on how the variety of numbers and statistics enact a certain representation of Brazil and of Roraima specifically, (not) allowing and (not) producing collective health strategies. I suggest that understanding how different realities and conditions overlap in Roraima, can be an important element in the comprehension of COVID pandemic and how it hit the state. This reflection stems from my experience with indigenous students in the Federal University of Roraima, and from an ongoing research with healers and healing in the North of Brazil. 

Seminar 2: Thomas Csordas and the TASET Team

Monday, February 8 | 10:00am-11:30am | Zoom Meeting

Speaker: Professor Thomas J. Csordas and the TASET Team

 

Tracing Asylum Seekers Experience and Trajectory

This project seeks to better understand the health and psychosocial wellbeing of forced migrants and other displaced people who, at one point or another along their journeys, come across the US-Mexico border. In particular, our ethnography of care investigates sites and services operated by government and local non-profit organizations that provide care for asylum seekers at various stages throughout transit and resettlement. Our aims are 1) to document the transborder network of care for refugees and asylum seekers (which are made up of, but not limited to, physicians and other care workers; the volunteers and staff of both social justice or faith-driven community based groups providing reception or resettlement support; and lawyers, advocates, and policy makers concerned with immigrant rights who provide legal aid); and 2) to gain a better understanding of asylum seekers’ trajectories (along registers of geography, life course/well-being, and immigration status) once they are reasonably settled with their familial point of contact at their final destination in the United States. TASET will contribute to the development of sustained local, binational partnerships that can provide assessment of mental health needs and facilitate access to ethical, person-centered care for all as pressing matters of human rights and social justice occuring in one of the world's most trafficked border regions. The TASET team includes Alexis Burnstan BA, Cristina Calderon BA, Tiana McMann MA, Benjamin Merrill MA, and Brenda Wilson Ph.D. The research is funded by grants from the UC San Diego Academic Senate and PIMSA.

Seminar 3: Julia Brown

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Monday, February 22 | 10:00am-11:30am | Zoom Meeting

Speaker:Julia Brown Ph.D. (University of California San Francisco)

 

Questions of (Social) Safety: Why biological monitoring of antipsychotic medication should persist in-person in the age of virtual healthcare

 

Fall 2020

Seminar 1: Li Zhang

Monday, October 5 | 10:00am-12:00pm | Zoom Meeting

Speaker: Li Zhang Ph.D. (University of California Davis)

 
Anxious China: Inner Revolution and Politics of Psychotherapy

The breathless pace of China’s economic reform has brought about deep ruptures in socioeconomic structures and people’s inner landscape. Faced with increasing market-driven competition and profound social changes, more and more middle-class urbanites are turning to Western-style psychological counseling to grapple with their mental distress. This talk is an overview and open discussion of Zhang’s newly published book--an in-depth ethnographic account of how an unfolding “inner revolution” is reconfiguring selfhood, psyche, family dynamics, sociality, and the mode of governing in post-socialist times. Zhang shows that anxiety—broadly construed in both medical and social terms—has become a powerful indicator for

the general pulse of contemporary Chinese society. It is in this particular context that Zhang traces how a new psychotherapeutic culture takes root, thrives, and transforms itself across a wide-range of personal, social, and political domains.

Seminar 2: Hua Wu (Miranda)

Monday, October 12 | 10:00am-12:00pm | Zoom Meeting

Speaker: Hua Wu (Miranda), Candidate of Phil. (University of California San Diego)

 

“Do Not Go Gently into the Dark Night”
Mental Distress and Emotional Processing During a Global Pandemic 

One week into the Chinese Lunar New Year, I received the first of many emergent “distress” calls from my participants. Tianyi, a Chinese international student who was pursuing a master’s degree in New Zealand, called me as her first and last resource as she experienced an emotional melt-down. Worried sick about people in Wuhan, about her family in China, and an increasingly precarious future, various social factors came crushing down on Tianyi, sending her to a devastating depressive episode and panic attacks.

Unfortunately, she was but the first of many people I talked to during the increasingly stressful pandemic, quarantine, and increasingly intense national and global political milieu. I present several in-depth ethnographic case studies of how people, especially those who already had a hard time grapple with mental distress, process their emotion during the Covid-19 pandemic. I argue that not everybody enters the stressful situation with equal psychological conditions and resources. Transgenerational stress and trauma, identity crisis, and especially perceived social and emotional isolation are significant psychological factors contributing to mental breakdowns. In addition to financial difficulties and precarious political disturbance due to insufficient government management, people go through panic attacks of various forms as they perceive sufferings at multiple levels occurring simultaneously at the same degree of intensity. Our interactions, often times including me performing not only as an ethnographer but also a substitute therapist, reveals how people navigate complex lifeworld during emotional breakdowns. The intensity of emotional expressions and embodied sensations reveals how people struggle to situate themselves during time of great uncertainty, as they carried psychological burden from the past and entering in to a perceived, precarious future. Their sufferings are at once bodily, mental, and also political. My interaction with them also shows that social support and bringing attention back to the body, to the sensation of here and now, helps to alleviate the accumulating sense of despair and isolation. It also helps to create a psychologically safe space and time for self-acceptance, care, and an enlightened temporality in which the subject can readjust their perception of their lifeworld.

Seminar 3: Richard Madsen

Monday, November 2 | 10:00am-12:00pm | Zoom Meeting

Speaker: Richard Madsen, Ph.D. (University of California San Diego)

 

Inequality, Culture War, and Imperiled Common Good:  America and China

Despite rising inequality, daily life in both America and China is afflicted more by culture conflicts than class struggle. I argue here, however, that in both societies, these cultural conflicts are connected with rising inequality, and indeed in their current intensity are a manifestation of it. A simple Marxist explanation for this would be that ruling elites foment conflicts over culture to distract the masses from becoming mobilized against the rich.  I don’t doubt that this is some part of the story, but I will argue that there is another important part, the social foundation for elite manipulation. Rather than drawing on Marx, I will invoke Max Weber’s account of the cultural conflicts of modernity.

Max Weber described the modern moral condition as beset by irreconcilable tensions between competing values. But here I will see the conflicts as embedded in distinct kinds of communities, both communities of everyday life and “imagined communities” extending, with the aid of modern media, the experiences of daily life into a “social imaginary” of encompassing communities embodying different facets of ordinary life. The moral conflicts people face are the result of being pulled by competing social pressures from these communities. 

The way “imagined communities” are envisioned depends on the communities of everyday life.  Using Mary Douglas’s account of such languages, I distinguish between elaborated and condensed codes, the former prevalent in closed communities predominantly structured through kinship, the latter in open communities structured according to universal rules.

Rising inequalities lead to a bifurcation of such communities and to a polarization of the languages that express cultural values. This happens in both the USA and China, but at present the polarization is more intense in the USA.  In neither case however is the situation sustainable over the long run.  US-China dialogue might productively address, not cultural differences, but the effects of rising inequality on cultural conflict within both societies.

 

Seminar 4: Janis Jenkins and Thomas Csordas

Monday, November 23 | 10:00am-12:00pm Zoom Meeting

Speaker: Janis Jenkins, Ph.D. and Thomas Csordas, Ph.D. (University of California San Diego)

 

Troubled in the Land of Enchantment:  Adolescent Experience of Psychiatric Treatment


UC Press Release: “In this groundbreaking study based on five years of in-depth ethnographic and interdisciplinary research, Troubled in the Land of Enchantment explores the well-being of adolescents hospitalized for psychiatric care in New Mexico. Anthropologists Janis H. Jenkins and Thomas J. Csordas present a gripping picture of psychic distress, familial turmoil, and treatment under the regime of managed care that dominates the mental health care system.  The authors make the case for the centrality of struggle in the lives of youth across an array of extraordinary conditions, characterized by personal anguish and structural violence. Critical to the analysis is the cultural phenomenology of existence disclosed through shifting narrative accounts by youth and their families as they grapple with psychiatric diagnosis, poverty, misogyny, and stigma in their trajectories through multiple forms of harm and sites of care. Jenkins and Csordas compellingly direct our attention to the conjunction of lived experience, institutional power, and the very possibility of having a life."

Spring 2020

Seminar 1: Bonnie Kaiser and Janis Jenkins

Monday, April 13 | 9:30am-11am | Zoom Meeting

Speaker: Bonnie Kaiser, Ph.D. & Janis Jenkins, Ph.D. (University of California San Diego)

COVID Updates (Prof Kaiser) and Wellbeing and Lived Experience of COVID (Prof Jenkins)

Seminar 2: Ellen Kozelka

Monday, May 4 | 9:30am-11am Zoom Meeting

Speaker: Ellen Kozelka, Ph.D. (University of California San Diego)

 

Article Revision Workshop: Addressing Peer-Review Comments for Journals in Psychological and Medical Anthropology.

Winter 2020

Seminar 1: Allen Tran

Monday, January 13 | 9:30am-11am | Social Sciences Building 107 - Dean's Conference Room 

Speaker: Allen L. Tran, PhD, Bucknell University

 

The Politicization of Psychologization: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

The increasing influence of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has made counseling centers in post-reform Vietnam the site of an intensive reconfiguration of the interior self. Counselors argue that CBT’s customizable focus on problematic behaviors is more culturally compatible for patients who are unaccustomed to more open-ended psychotherapies. Yet the very work of self-compartmentalization requires a broader questioning of personal and cultural identity as counselor and client alike must negotiate the cultural forms that assist and resist the internalization of CBT principles. I argue that psychologization in Vietnam is achieved through a reworking, not a replacement, of Confucian and socialist models of the self. The process of recasting everyday life, personal crises, and social relationships in a psychic register through CBT techniques politicizes them by denaturalizing and delegitimizing Confucian and socialist regimes of selfhood.

Seminar 2: Paula Montero

Monday, January 27 | 9:30am-11am | Social Sciences Building 107 - Dean's Conference Room 

Speaker: Dr. Paula Montero, University of São Paulo Brazil

 

“Public Religions and Sensorial Forms”

Inspired on Birgit Meyer's work on “material religions,” this presentation will explore the process by which Christian religions modified the urban visual landscape of São Paulo by their architectural devices, their music, their public spectacles, and monuments. The talk will concentrate on the comparative analyses of the Catholic/Evangelical public performance taking as empirical examples the Catholic Catedral da Sé (1954) and the Evangelical Solomon Temple (2014) construction process in Sao Paulo. My main interest is to tackle the relations between religions and politics in Brazil, giving special attention to a Brazilian neopentecostal church called The Universal Church of the Reign of God. The end of the dictatorship in 1985 and the new Constitutional Chart in 1988 stimulated and created the necessary conditions for the strategic use of different public arenas by new religious leaderships searching for political legitimacy. Religious public performances in which sensorial perceptions of the sacred are central become a new political strategy to gain political power and popular hegemony.

Seminar 3: Luz Brito

Monday, February 10 | 9:30am-11am | Social Sciences Building 107 - Dean's Conference Room 

Speaker: Luz Gonçalves Brito, PhD candidate at Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

 

“The Healing Process of Self and Earth: The Emergency of the Immanent Sacred of Nature in the context of Climate Change”“Public Religions and Sensorial Forms”

This presentation mainly concerns some reflections and empirical research held during my period as visiting scholar at UCSD. Spirituality and ecology are considered two realms of secular experience which lead to a search for the ‘pattern that connects’ every being and the things in the world. As a response to ecological crisis, some people sacralize their daily activities and experience healing in connection with the Earth.

Fall 2019

Seminar 1: Katie Rose Hejtmanek

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Monday, October 7 | 10am-12pm | Social Sciences Building 107 - Dean's Conference Room 

Speaker: Katie Rose Hejtmanek, PhD, Associate Professor at Brooklyn College 

 

Training for Life: The Promise of Branded Functional Fitness

Her research investigates self transformative processes, affect, and racial formations in a variety of cultural contexts, from adolescent mental institutions in the US to CrossFit gyms on six continents. Currently, she researches branded functional fitness as a space for salvation and survival in contemporary America. Dr. Hejtmanek has a forthcoming article in American Anthropologist titled, "Fitness Fanatics: Exercise as Answer to Pending Zombie Apocalypse in Contemporary America”. She is also  co-editing a volume on strength sports titled Strong A(s) F(eminist)!: Power in Strength Sports

Seminar 2: Bridget Haas

Monday, October 21 | 10:00 am | Social Sciences Building 107  

Speaker: Bridget Haas, PhD, NIHT32 Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Case Western Reserve University

 

Therapeutic Interventions Amid Immigration Limbo

This presentation will explore emergent themes concerning the intersection of US immigration policies and mental health care, using research data on the therapeutic experiences of two different groups: Cameroonian asylum claimants seeking legal status and newly resettled Congolese refugees.

The talk will investigate the psychic toll of a growing backlog of pending immigration cases (asylum claims and family reunification cases, respectively) among those caught within it. How do situations of protracted uncertainty regarding the outcome of their cases inform the use, meaning, and experience of therapeutic interventions? What are the perceived limitations and possibilities of various mental health treatments in the face of ongoing existential and familial rupture? Through these ethnographic examples, the presentation will also consider the shape and meaning of resilience in these contexts.

Seminar 3: Angela Leocata

Friday, November 1 | 12:15pm | Social Sciences Building 107  

Speaker: Angela Leocata, Graduate Student  Anthropology Department, Standford University

 

When the Trial Ends: Moral Experiences of Caregiving in a Randomized Controlled Trial in Goa, India

In this presentation, I engage experiences of peer counselors in the Thinking Healthy Program Peerdelivered (THPP), a randomized controlled trial of a psychological intervention for perinatal depression in Goa, India. I explore how caregiving is experienced by peer counselors in an RCT, a context in which care is given for a finite period and is removed at the study’s end. I ask how the THPP trial affects its delivery agents, with attention to how caregiving impacts its caregivers. I suggest that moral aspects of caregiving are particularly relevant for peers, and that the context of an RCT is central to these moral experiences, particularly at a trial’s end, when peer counselors are asked to end care that, in many cases, remains needed.

Spring 2018

Seminar 1: Fernando Ciello

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Speaker: Fernando Ciello

Date: Wednesday, April 4, 10:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.

Location: SSB 107

 

Fernando graduated in Social Sciences (2009) and has a Master’s degree in Social Anthropology (2013). Currently he is a PhD candidate in the Department of Anthropology of Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC, Brazil) and is a Visiting Scholar at UC San Diego in the Fulbright Program. His work has focused in the ethnographic study of mental health field in Brazil from the perspective of Anthropology of Health.

"Of Other Realms, Entities and Meanings: Studying Mental Health in an Outpatient Clinic in Southern Brazil”

This presentation discusses my fieldwork in a psychiatric day clinic in southern Brazil. It examines how religious and psychotherapeutic interpretations of self and healing are constantly being evoked and interwoven into therapeutic conceptions and practices. What I take as religious interpretations are not discrete or static conceptions but, in fact, heterogeneous statements that refer to spirits, lights, energies, colors, seeing and talking to other entities. Similarly, when I talk about psychotherapeutic interpretations, I call attention to a diversity of psychological and therapeutic schools that are practiced within the day clinic program, including psychoanalysis, transpersonal psychology, and psychodrama. Both groups of practices/discourses should not be seen as opposed or contradictory but, rather, as crucial in shaping important psychiatric artifacts in that context. Mental health, here, is experienced from the perspective of a world populated with different entities – that include the powers of biomedicine and medication, but also deal with the unknown, the energetic and the spiritual. As a result, instead of describing the clinical practices as expressing a discrete and well-defined conceptual orientation – either that of the religious or mental health perspective – I choose to think about both realms as intertwined.

Seminar 2: Professor Claire Snell-Rood

Speaker: Professor Claire Snell-Rood

Date: Wednesday, April 18, 10:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m.

Location: GPS RBC Room 1201

 

Claire Snell-Rood is an Assistant Professor in Health and Social Behavior in the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley. Her research explores the social dimensions of health among women living in poverty, which she has examined in urban India as well as rural Appalachia. Her book, No one will let her live: women's struggle for wellbeing in a Delhi slum, is published with UC Press and received an honorable mention for the Eileen Basker Memorial Prize. Her current research employs implementation science perspectives to address mental health disparities in the rural U.S.

Does the “Moral Self” matter for applied medical anthropology? Thoughts from Urban India and Rural Appalachia

Though morality, ethics, and care remain prominent themes in medical anthropology research on structural violence, their relevance for applied research has been less explored. In this talk, I bring together studies on moral wellbeing among women living in Indian slums and on rural women’s depression to suggest how the “moral self” may yield both broad directions and specific strategies to address trenchant health disparities.

Seminar 3: Szilvia Zörgő

Speaker: Szilvia Zörgő

Date: Wednesday May 2, 2018, 10:00am-12:00pm

Location: Global Policy & Strategy RBC Room 1201

 

Szilvia is a doctoral candidate of Mental Health Sciences at Semmelweis University, Budapest, and is currently a Fulbright visiting scholar at UC San Diego. Her research focuses on the sociocultural factors of therapy choice in Hungary and decision-making processes related to health. She is a guest lecturer at the Institute of Intercultural Psychology and Education, as well as the Department of Anthropology, at Eötvös Loránd University.

A peek into the habitus? Complex metaphors of illness and health with regard to therapy choice in Hungary

Medical pluralism not only signifies the availability of various therapies in a given society, but also connotes a nexus of worldviews espousing distinct concepts of world, man, illness, and health. Due to a complex set of sociocultural factors, there has been an increase in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in Western cultures. Patients’ choice of therapy is largely dependent on their information-seeking behavior, explanatory model of illness, and underlying dispositions. In countries such as Hungary, social institutions of integration among Western medicine and CAM are sparse, entailing adverse repercussions in communication between physician and CAM user. The presentation will examine the milieu and sociocultural factors of therapy choice in Hungary with an emphasis
on embodied dispositions. The scrutiny of complex metaphors that patients employ concerning illness and health aspires to shed light on the intricacies of the habitus and decision-making processes, as well as offers a model for the improvement of doctor-patient communication regarding CAM use.

Winter 2018

Seminar 1: Emily Mendenhall

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Speaker: Emily Mendenhall, Ph.D. Georgetown University

Date:Friday, January 19, 2018. 3:00 p.m.

 Location: Social Sciences Building 107 

 

“Syndemic Diabetes: Entanglements with Poverty, Trauma, and AIDS”

Seminar 2: Neely Myers

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Speaker: Neely Myers. Ph.D.

Date: Monday, January 22, 2018, 3:00 p.m.

 Location: Social Sciences Building 107 

 

“Pathways through care in the U.S. and Tanzania: Mental/Moral Breakdowns, Moral Agency and Global Mental Health”

Seminar 3: Kristin Yarris

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Speaker: Kristin Yarris. Ph.D. University of Oregon

Date: Wednesday, January 24, 2018 3:00 p.m.

 Location: Social Sciences Building 107 

Seminar 4: Bonnie Kaiser

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 Speaker: Bonnie Kaiser, Ph.D. Duke University

 Date: Monday, January 29, 2018 3:00 p.m.

 Location: Social Sciences Building 107 

 

“Cultural Idioms, Contested Measures, and Intervening in Global Mental Health: the Case of Haiti”

Seminar 5: Professor Merav Shohet

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Speaker: Professor Merav Shohet

Date: Tuesday, February 13, 2017, 10:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.

LocationPsychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

Dr. Merav Shohet is a cultural anthropologist whose specializations in psychological, medical, and linguistic anthropology lead to ethnographically grounded, comparative, language-centered research on affect, morality, and health.

“Waiting with Illness and Care” in Vietnam

Recent decades’ marketization and privatization reforms under the policy of đổi mới (Renovation) have led to a contraction of Vietnam’s public health care system, just as the incidence of hypertension and other diseases has been rising. With a decline in nationalized forms of care, families—and especially women—are idealized as steadfast care-takers who unquestioningly shoulder the burdens of sustaining their own continuity and viability, as households remain the normative and preferred places to care for ill members. Drawing on long-term ethnographic fieldwork in Đà Nẵng, this chapter considers how families on the city’s margins cope with terminal illness. Focusing on the case of an elderly matriarch who suffered a series of high blood pressure-related strokes that left her in a permanent vegetative state, I detail the multiple layers of waiting and (lack of) care experienced by the ill grandmother and her extended family. The analysis illuminates how home-based rituals and routines were altered and thereby sustained as the matriarch’s relatives at once anticipated, and yet tried to minimize and ward off their ongoing loss, in part by shrouding the illness in relative silence. In attending to the entanglement of different forms of being-in-time in relation to care, I attempt to show how waiting to and waiting for care are recounted as gendered, troubled, and troubling ethical practices in Vietnam.

Fall 2017

Seminar 1: Seminar Overview and Field Research Reports

Date: October 11, 2017, 10:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

Seminar overview and field research reports: open-ended discussion of seminar and updates of participants’ recent field research experience or written works.

Seminar 2: Hanna Garth

Speaker: Professor Hanna Garth, Ph.D.

Date: Wednesday, October 25, 2017, 10:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

Dr. Garth is a sociocultural and medical anthropologist specializing in the anthropology of food. Her work addresses issues of inequality and structural violence, with regional interests in Latin American, the Caribbean, and the United States

“Shifting Subjectivities” in Contemporary Santiago de Cuba

In this book chapter, I turn to the relationship between food access and individual subjectivity. I use my interlocutors’ dilemmas surrounding the ethics of food acquisition (discussed in the previous chapter) to shed light on their imagined, or possible, selves as a part of ethical subject formation, and explore how they maintain particular social identities. I further refine the book’s central frameworks of the “practices of acquisition” and “the politics of adequacy,” and illuminate how these relate to shifts in subjectivity. I use the dilemmas of food acquisition to shed light on ethical subject formation, and the ways people maintain a sense of self and social identity. I argue that as the welfare state falters, and Cubans are unable to access the foods that they meaningfully link to their cultural and national identities, the emotional response to these struggles gives rise to a shift in their own understandings of their subjectivity.


Introductory Meeting: Wednesday, October 11, 2017

Please join us for the first 2017-2018 meeting of the Psychological and Medical Anthropology Seminar.  We will cover introductions and share updates from the summer and plans for the academic year.

Psychological -Medical Anthropology Lab (SSRB 331) | 10:00 a.m - 12:00 p.m.

Seminar 3: Paula Saravia

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Speaker: Dr. Paula Saravia

Date: Wednesday, November 15, 2017, 10:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.

LocationPsychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

“No hay drama”: Precarity, Medicine, and Gender among mental health and HIV-AIDS patients in Northern Santiago, Chile

During the last decade, there has been an increase in the diagnosis of mental health illnesses and HIV-AIDS in the rural, semi-rural and mostly underserved communities of the Northern metropolitan area of Santiago, Chile. At the same time, the local mental health care center in Lampa and the National Network of Original Peoples (RENPO) reported to the Ministry of Public Health their concerns about the interaction between mental health diagnoses, HIV-AIDS, and ethnicity. According to RENPO, indigenous peoples and Haitian migrants are most vulnerable and at risk of suffering from mental illness and HIV-AIDS. However, despite their efforts, the request for an urgent public health strategy has gone unanswered. What are these very alarming statistics and the government silence about this problem showing about the experience to live and be ill in rural and semi-rural Santiago? What are the meanings behind the narratives of precaritization, alcoholism, and abandonment expressed by mental health and HIV-AIDS patients in Lampa? In this presentation I discuss the epidemiological information in relation to the experience of mental health and HIV-AIDS patients who are receiving treatment in the public health care system in Lampa. 

Spring 2017

Seminar 1: Jonathan Yahalom

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Speaker: Jonathan Yahalom, Ph.D.

Date: Monday, June 5, 2017, 11:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

Alzheimer’s in Oaxaca: Pragmatic Etiologies and the Experience of Social Suffering

This presentation addresses the lived experience of Alzheimer’s disease in Oaxaca, Mexico. Drawing on fieldwork and interviews conducted with family caregivers in the Zapotec language, this presentation explores the ways in which age-related forgetfulness serves as a prism to identify macro-level changes within the Oaxacan community. Etiological notions of Alzheimer’s disease will be analyzed in the context of this social dynamic and further assessed for the concrete effects they import on caregiving households. The lived experience of caregiving will also be explored to illustrate the way in which this practice exemplifies notions of social suffering, and how this dimension of caregiving experience reveals social attempts to address and resolve related community tensions.

Seminar 2: Salih Can Aciksoz

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Speaker: Salih Can Aciksoz, Ph.D.

Date: Monday, May 22, 2017, 11:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

War Economies: Abandonment, Sacrifice, Community

How do veterans’ gendered experiences of war disability, care, and healing get entangled with politics?  Drawing on ethnographic research conducted since 2005 with Turkish military veterans of the Kurdish conflict, this talk explores the gendered vicissitudes of medical, familial, and communal forms of care that imprint disabled urban poor veterans’ efforts to recover their health and masculinities. I illustrate how disabled veterans’ shared social suffering draw them into communities of loss as their bodies traverse zones of abandonment and sacrifice. I then show how these communities serve as spaces for both non-medicalized healing and ultranationalist political activism. From an ethnographic vantage point at the intersection of gender, health and politics, this talk illustrates how violent conflicts have long-term political ramifications through their bodily, social, and psychic effects on combatants.

Seminar 3: Jacqueline Leckie

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Speaker: Jacqueline Leckie, Ph.D.

Date: Thursday, May 11, 2017, 11:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

Lialia? ‘Madness’, Indigenous Fijians and the Erasure of Historical Memory in Colonial Fiji

The terms ‘madness’ and ‘erasure’ are suggestive of how the label of craziness (lialia) could marginalize and silence from historical memory Fijians with aberrant and dissident actions and thought. The most extreme silencing and erasure of insanity from the community was when Fijians were committed to Fiji’s lunatic asylum. This is one of the Pacific’s longest functioning hospitals  — originally founded in 1884 as the Public Lunatic Asylum and functioning today as St Giles Psychiatric Hospital. Its patients reflected Fiji’s diverse ethnic communities, and although until the 1970s the majority were Indo-Fijians, a large proportion was always indigenous Fijians or i-Taukei. Mental illness within Fijian communities has received little attention but my research has revealed some of the mental suffering behind admissions to St Giles between 1884-1964. This raises questions about how Fijians understood and treated those with mental illness, and the process through which madness became entangled with Western biomedicine and colonial institutions of confinement. Erasure and madness could be manifested through many forms. On one level it could indicate how the real and imagined worlds of the insane have been rendered unknowable and generally lost from history, except for traces in surviving medical or court records, or in village rumor.  At another level erasure could refer to the impetus to remove ‘undesirables’ from the community — a little known village nuisance or a dissident leader who challenged religious, political and traditional authority. This seminar will discuss questions about the silencing of people deemed insane in a cross-cultural context and in the colonial past. 

Seminar 4: Joseph Anderson

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Speaker: Joseph Anderson

Date: Monday, April 24, 2017, 11:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

A Home on the Range: A Cultural and Phenomenological Account of Firearm Use in San Diego County

The gun control debate has been raging for decades but it seems that a solution to gun violence is no closer. Despite the high proliferation of firearms in American society, few long term ethnographic studies of gun owners have been carried out. This talk aims to present data from an on-going research project that focuses on several gun owning groups in San Diego County, an area with over 400,000 gun owners. Of particular interest are the sensory, embodied actions of shooting that are so important to those who shoot regularly and this talk represents a preliminary effort to take a phenomenological look at the ways in which guns can act like subjects in the lives of their owners. This gets away from the tired language of the national debate and into the day to day lived experience of gun owners. Other important themes in this field include how new forms of gun rights activism are transforming the political landscape of Southern California and how gendered understandings of gun use are being questioned by an increasing participation by women and the LGBTQ+ community. This data is still in the early stages of being processed, so various methods of interpretation will be presented with an eye towards discussing what might be “good to think with” in relation to this topic. 

Seminar 5: Angel Martinez-Hernaez

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Speaker: Angel Martinez-Hernaez, Ph.D.

Date: Monday, April 3, 2017, 11:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

A Message Without a Bottle: Presence, Crisis, and Anti-biography Among People Suffering From Schizophrenia

People afflicted with schizophrenia have unusual experiences (“extraordinary conditions” following Jenkins) which find a high refraction in our Euro or Western societies. They are considered de-authorized experiences and narratives that depict unreasonableness, strangeness, otherness, difference or, through the clinical lens, diagnostic categories as notions of truth that often end up generating an idea of “total patient” who also requires “total therapy.” They are “ob-scene narratives”, in the etymological sense of the word: offstage. This presentation, based on my long-term research on the lifeworld of people suffering from schizophrenia in Catalonia, will address two aspects related to this phenomenon. Firstly, the subjective dimension, where the crisis of presence generates a plurality of perspectives inhabiting the self in a manner that the being turns into an echo of the world, a world-through-the-being producing anguish and suffering, but sometimes identity and living purposes. Secondly, these experiences are usually perceived in the social worlds as a radical alterity which canvases common sense, understood here as a cultural system. It seems that recognizing the point of view of the others afflicted with psychosis will create an otherness on the first-person pronouns (I, we) and the risk of not-being-in-the-world. Social refraction of psychotic experiences often implies the silence and the emptiness projected onto a person (stigma, social abandon), making him/her conventionally insignificant, a kind of what Terradas has defined as “anti-biography”: what is done against the life of others, and without taking their lives into account.

Winter 2017

Seminar 1: Mark Fleming

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Speaker: Mark Fleming, Ph.D.

Date: Thursday, March 21, 2017, 12:00 p.m - 2:00 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

Behind the Times: Work, Neoliberal Futures, and the Politics of Chronic Disease

 

This talk will present findings from an ethnographic study of transit workers in San Francisco, a group with excess rates of numerous stress-related, chronic diseases. Through fieldwork in the city’s transit system, I connect conditions and stratifications of chronic disease to the political production and uses of temporality in urban governance. I then interrogate the scientific and biopolitical rationalities through which the bodily impacts of work are made legible and contested. I suggest that understandings of health and chronic disease have been remade by transformations of work in American capitalism.

Seminar 2: Arnaud Dubois

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Speaker: Arnaud Dubois, Ph.D.

Date: Tuesday, March 14, 2017, 12:00 p.m - 2:00 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

Color, Anthropology, Psychology and Technosciences: Genealogy of a Shared 

 

The shared interest of the works I will analyze in this presentation - from the late 1890’s Rivers’ Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to Torres Straits to the late 1970’s Berlin and Kay’s World Color Survey - is that they try to understand and to define the structural rules of the organization of the mind by studying chromatic discriminations and in reducing color to a perceptual phenomenon with a simple interaction between a colored object and a perceiving subject. One of the challenges of this presentation will be to show that the production of this chromatic knowledge is linked to the techno-scientific instrumental practices that allow the verification of this intellectual speculation. Indeed, this way of thinking « what is a color » is based on a series of professional practices born both in experimental psychological laboratories and in the industrial world in Europe in the mid nineteen century. By studying the construction of this powerful « naturalistic theory of color » by looking specifically at the practice of researchers, the methodologies they use and the materiality of color instruments used in their research, one sees that the dilemma between « objective versus subjective » and the necessity to choose between these two poles of analysis in anthropology is an etic perspective that doesn’t examine the historical and sociological construction of the concept of color. As Goody (1979) has rightly pointed out , "binary categories (...) have hampered our understanding of the structures of knowledge (p. 109). This process of standardization (...) is the result of the application of a graphic technique to an oral material. (139) » Can we say the same for visual and especially chromatic material? Is the « structuralism of color » the application of a binary logic to a field of plural knowledge?

Seminar 3: Dredge Byung'chu Kang

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Speaker: Dredge Byung'chu Kang, Ph.D.

Date: Tuesday, March 7, 2017, 12:00 p.m - 2:00 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

I'm Every Woman: Transsexual Womanhood, Therapeutic Citizenship, and Human Rights in Thailand

 

The Thai Constitution guarantees equal rights for men and women, but failed to be amended in 2007 to include “all genders.” Advocacy for transgender rights in Thailand is ongoing and contentious, with various strategies being deployed simultaneously. In the last decade, activists have been organizing to depathologize gender identity disorder as a
“severe mental illness,” use female gender identity and body modification as justification to avoid mandatory military service for those born male, and to be able to change sex designations on national identity cards and passports. However, in 2010, the celebrity activist, Nok Yollada, argued for the sexual reclassification of “transsexual ladies” as female based on the legitimizing discourse of international biomedicine. She argued that transsexualism is “a disease and not a choice.” The deployment of therapeutic citizenship as a strategy for transsexual rights, however, reinforces the biopolitics of semi-colonial sexual dimorphism (heteronormative binary gender) to the exclusion of broader gender rights, ignores historical forms of Thai transgenderism, and severs potential alliances with other sexual diversity networks.

Seminar 4: Cassandra Hartblay

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Speaker: Cassandra Hartblay, Ph.D.

Date: Tuesday, February 21, 2017, 12:00 p.m - 2:00 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

Disabling Rehabilitation: Performing Disability and Therapeutic Citizenship in Russia

 

How do people with disabilities understand themselves as social actors and as Russian citizens? When a group of adult Russians in their twenties and thirties with mobility impairments gathered together for a weekly art therapy group, multiple modes of performing competence, citizenship, and selfhood came into play. This presentation traces the story of the art therapy group's rehearsals and subsequent performance of several skits based on the writings of the Russian poet Aleksandr Sergeevich Pushkin, and describes the social negotiations that unfolded as group members and the facilitating social workers determined what to present and how to present it. In telling this story, I work to unpack how people with disabilities negotiate competing discourses to enact versions of themselves as morally complete citizens. In part, this work examines how notions of therapeutic selfhood move into and take on local meanings in the postsoviet context, and, how this idea is complicated in the context of persistent physical disability, wherein the individual in question is presumed by others to always be a less-than-competent citizen and cultural actor. I argue that therapeutic discourses, by seeking to rehabilitate individuals, individualize the social problem of the stigmatization of disability.  Based on ethnographic research in a northwestern Russian city in the fall of 2012, this presentation combines theoretical vantage points from disability studies and medical anthropology to argue that the psychosocial therapeutic model does not effectively interrupt, but rather reproduces, disability as a  relational inequality. In this way, attention to the perspectives of people with  disabilities themselves recasts our understanding of therapeutic citizenship, and the project of rehabilitation as a whole.

Seminar 5: Leticia Medeiros Ferreira

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Speaker: Leticia Medeiros Ferreira, Ph.D.

Date: Tuesday, February 14, 2017, 12:00 p.m - 2:00 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

Good Practices with Survivors of Torture – The INTEGRA Project

 

INTEGRA evokes integral, integration, and incorporation. It's our way to address this polyhedron of experiences, of struggle, and recovery. It’s a specialized and holistic therapeutic program for survivors of torture suffering from trauma and at risk of social exclusion. Interventions are based on a combination of forces, bringing the work from different specialists all together: art-therapists, lawyers, psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and somatic-therapists. Dr. Medeiros-Ferreira presents the Exil Assoc. “Good Practices with Survivors of Torture” and focuses on the biography of “The Homeless Diplomat”, in order to illustrate this cultural sensitive approach in everyday clinical practice.

Seminar 6: Steven D. Hickman

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Speaker: Steven D. Hickman, PsyD.

Date: Monday, January 30, 2017, 12:00 p.m - 2:00 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

The Wisdom and Potential of Mindfulness and Self-Compassion in a Busy Life

 

The growing modern evidence for the transformative power of mindfulness and self-compassion practice is supporting what has been known and practiced for millennia in spiritual and religious traditions worldwide. As a result, empirically-supported mindfulness- and compassion-based programs are now being offered in medical, psychological, corporate, academic and athletic settings, just to name a few. Dr. Hickman will present a broad overview and brief experiential introductions to these practices, as well as a review of some key research findings to pique interest in mindfulness as a personal practice that might improve quality of life, reduce stress and support peak performance for those who attend. Some brief recommendations for followup learning will also be offered.

Seminar 7: Steven M. Parish

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Speaker: Steven M. Parish, Ph.D.

Date: Monday, January 23, 2017, 10:00 a.m - 11:50 a.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

How Modern Thought Erased the Self

 

How can we understand the ambivalence of modern thought about the idea of self?  What does it mean for the study of subjectivities and their personhoods, for moral experience and ethics?  How does the history of this ambivalence shape the larger context of anthropology and psychological anthropology? How has it organized forms of ethnographic refusal? Are we at the end of this history, or is the ambivalent attitude part of a cultural system, and likely to reproduce and reassert itself? These are some of the questions posed in a work-in-progress by Professor Parish.  We will have an open-ended and free form discussion of the issues and concepts, based on excerpts of the draft manuscript, and have the opportunity to think about the opportunities afforded and the constraints imposed on psychological anthropology by the cultural organization of European and North American thought and its institutions. 

Fall 2016

Seminar 1: Nofit Itzhak

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Speaker: Nofit Itzhak, Ph.D.

Date: Monday, November 14, 2016, 12:00 p.m - 2:00 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 

Does Religious Healing Work? If so, how? 

 

In this talk, I discuss how a particular form of contemplative prayer that aims to establish a co-presence with the divine facilitates healing or transformation. I focus on several cases of persons who suffered sudden and traumatic loss of close kin, examining the manners in which prayer either works or fails to elicit change. In doing so I suggest some of the possible mechanisms behind the therapeutic function of this form of prayer, asking what an investigation of religious healing has to offer us in theorizing processes of change more broadly. 

Seminar 2: Ted Gideonse


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Speaker: Ted Gideonse, Ph.D.

Date: Friday, October 28, 2016, 12 - 2 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

Seminar 3: Dredge Byung'chu Kang

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Speaker: Dredge Byung'chu Kang, Ph.D.

Date: Monday, November 28, 2016, 12 - 2 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331

 Spring 2016

Seminar 1: Thomas Ots


Speaker: Thomas Ots, MD, Ph.D.

Date: Monday, April 11, 2016, 12 - 2 p.m.

Location: Psychological and Medical Anthropology Lab, SSRB 331


The End of the Meridian System? Thoughts on a Paradigmatic Shift in Chinese Medicine

 

In medicine, it is unimportant whether a certain culture-specific view is right or wrong. It is of importance whether a certain view is helpful, whether it empowers healers as well as patients. Acupuncture as part of traditional Chinese medicine was guarded and led by well-known concepts and theories like the yin-yang theory, the meridian theory, the theory of five phases and others. Acupuncturists over the centuries and under the guidance of these theories were able to cure and heal diseased persons. At present at least one of these theories faces a paradigmatic shift – the meridian or channel theory (经络理论). As early as 1978 Chinese doctors of traditional as well as conventional (Western) medicine looked for new ways how to substitute the concept of meridians. One of these new explanatory models was based on segmental anatomy, a view of human biology put forward by the British neurologist Henry Head in 1894. However after the official end of the “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” in 1978 these modern views were dumped, because the Cultural Revolution was criticized due to its political upheavals. In 2005, Prof. Huang Long-xiang, Vice President of the Acupuncture Research Institute of the Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Beijing and Editor-in-chief of Acupuncture Research and World Acupuncture wrote: “The Channel Meridian theory has successfully accomplished its historical mission of preserving and developing acupuncture; now it has become the narrow neck of the bottle which is impeding the further development of acupuncture medicine in the 21st century.” However, this showed to be a solitary statement which obviously was pulled back some time later.

Thomas Ots will discuss the cultural, social as well as political implications of the slow speed of this
paradigmatic shift – a shift that probably got stuck.

Seminar 2: Utpal Sandesara